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Chart Book (6th edition): References

References

 

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Medical Expenditure Panel Survey.

American Society of Civil Engineers, https://www.asce.org/.

Baker B, Rytina N. 2013. Estimates of the unauthorized immigrant population residing in the United States: January 2012. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/Unauthorized%20Immigrant%20Population%20Estimates%20in%20the%20US%20
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.

Better Hearing Institute, http://www.betterhearing.org/.

Borup H, Kirkeskov L, Hanskov D, Brauer C. 2017. Systematic review: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and construction workers. Occupational Medicine, 67(3): 199-204.

Buchmuller T, Levinson Z, Levy H, Wolfe B. 2016. Effect of the Affordable Care Act on racial and ethnic disparities in health insurance coverage. American Journal of Public Health, 106(8): 1416-1421.

Bunting J. 2017. The national campaign to prevent falls in construction final report on the 2016 Safety Stand-Down: A follow-up report to the final report on the 2014 & 2015 Safety Stand-Downs: A quantitative and qualitative analysis on data collected from OSHA’s Stand-Down Certificate of Participation database, https://www.osha.gov/StopFallsStandDown/2016report.pdf.

Catalyst. 2017. Women in male-dominated industries and occupations, http://www.catalyst.org/knowledge/women-male-dominated-industries-and-occupations.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

            -- 2016. Hearing impairment among noise-exposed workers – United States, 2003-2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(15): 389-394.

            -- 2016. National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). Lead, elevated blood levels, 2016 case definition, http://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/lead-elevated-blood-levels/case-definition/2016/

            -- 2013. Workplace safety & health topics: Skin exposures & effects, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/skin/#contact.

            -- Adult obesity facts, https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html.

            -- Health effects of cigarette smoking, http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/Factsheets/health_effects.htm.

-- Heart disease risk factors, https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/risk_factors.htm.   

Chen J, Vargas-Bustamante A, Mortensen K, Ortega A. 2016. Racial and ethnic disparities in health care access and utilization under the Affordable Care Act. Medical Care, 54(2): 140-146.

Chicago Regional Council of Carpenters. 2016. Size and cost of payroll fraud: Survey of national and state studies, https://www.carpentersunion.org/news/size-and-cost-payroll-fraud-survey-national-and-state-studies.

Coman G, Zinsmeister C, Norris P. 2015. Occupational contact dermatitis: Workers’ compensation patch test results of Portland, Oregon, 2005-2014. Dermatitis, 26(6): 276-283.

Construction Safety Council.

            -- 2012. Health hazards in construction, https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy09/sh-19495-09/health_hazards_workbook.pdf.

            -- 2008. Work zone hazards workbook, https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy08/sh-17795-08/workzone_hazards_awareness_english.pdf.

Cooper MR, West GH, Burrelli LG, et al. 2017. Inhalation exposure during spray application and subsequent sanding of a wood sealant containing zinc oxide nanoparticles. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, 14(7): 510-522.

CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training.

-- CPWR Construction Solutions Database, http://www.cpwrconstructionsolutions.org/.

-- Hazard alert cards, http://www.cpwr.com/publications/hazard-alert-cards.

-- 2009. Hispanic employment in construction. CPWR Data Brief, 1(1), http://www.cpwr.com/publications/vol-1-no-1-hispanic-employment-construction.

-- The Construction Chart Book. Fifth and fourth editions, https://www.cpwr.com/publications/construction-chart-book.

-- Toolbox talks, http://www.silica-safe.org/training-and-other-resources/toolbox-talks/.

-- Why is silica hazardous? https://www.silica-safe.org/know-the-hazard/why-is-silica-hazardous.

Dale AM, Jaegers L, Welch L, Barnidge E, Weaver N, Evanoff BA. 2017. Facilitators and barriers to the adoption of ergonomic solutions in construction. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 60(3): 295-305.

Dale AM, Ryan D, Welch L, Olsen MA, Buchholz B, Evanoff B. 2015. Comparison of musculoskeletal disorder health claims between construction floor layers and a general working population. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 72(1): 15-20.

Dement J, Welch L, Ringen K, Cranford K, Quinn P. 2017. Longitudinal decline in lung function among older construction workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 74(10): 701-708.

Dement J, Welch L, West G. 2014. Airways obstruction among sheet metal workers participating in a respiratory screening program. CPWR Small Study Final Report, https://www.cpwr.com/publications/airways-obstruction-among-sheet-metal-workers-participating-respiratory-screening.

Dieleman JL, Baral R, Birger M, et al. 2016. U.S. spending on personal health care and public health, 1996-2013. JAMA, 316(24): 2627-2646.

Dodge Data & Analytics.

--2016. Building a safety culture: Improving safety and health management in the construction industry, https://www.cpwr.com/publications/building-safety-culture-improving-safety-health-management-construction-industry.

--2015. Green and healthier homes: Engaging consumers of all ages in sustainable living, https://www.nahb.org/~/media/Sites/NAHB/Research/Priorities/green-building-remodeling-development/Green-and-Healthier-Homes%202015.ashx.

--2014. Green multifamily and single family homes: Growth in a recovering market, https://www.construction.com/about-us/press/green-homes-show-growth-in-a-recovering-market-according-to-new-sm-report.asp.

Dong XS, Fujimoto A, Ringen K, Stafford E, Platner JW, Gittleman JL, Wang X. 2011. Injury underreporting among small establishments in the construction industry. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 54(5): 339-349.

Dong XS, Largay JA, Choi SD, Wang X, Cain CT, Romano N. 2017. Fatal falls and PFAS use in the construction industry: Findings from the NIOSH FACE reports. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 102: 136-143.

Dong XS, Men Y, Ringen K. 2010. Work-related injuries among Hispanic construction workers-Evidence from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 53(6): 561-569.

Dong XS, Wang X, Goldenhar LM. 2016. Workplace safety and health perceptions of construction workers. CPWR Quarterly Data Report, Third Quarter, https://www.cpwr.com/publications/third-quarter-workplace-safety-and-health-perceptions-construction-workers.

Dong XS, Wang X, Katz R, West G, Bunting J. 2017. Fall injuries and prevention in the construction industry. CPWR Quarterly Data Report, First Quarter, https://www.cpwr.com/publications/first-quarter-fall-injuries-and-prevention-construction-industry.

Dong XS, Wang X, Largay J. 2015. Temporary workers in the construction industry. CPWR Quarterly Data Report, Second Quarter, http://www.cpwr.com/publications/second-quarter-temporary-workers-construction-industry.

Dong XS, Wang X, Largay JA, Platner JW, Stafford E, Cain CT, Choi SD. 2014. Fatal falls in the U.S. residential construction industry. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 57(9): 992-1000.

Dong XS, Wang X, Largay JA, Sokas R. 2015. Long-term health outcomes of work-related injuries among construction workers—Findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 58(3): 308-318.

Dong XS, Wang X, Ringen K, Sokas R. 2017. Baby boomers in the United States: Factors associated with working longer and delaying retirement. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 60(4): 315-328.

Du Y, Xu Q. 2016. Health disparities and delayed health care among older adults in California: A perspective from race, ethnicity, and immigration. Public Health Nursing, 33(5): 383-394.

eLCOSH Nano. 2017. Construction nanomaterial inventory, www.nano.elcosh.org.

Ford E, Murphy L, Khavjou O, Giles W, Holt J, Croft J. 2015. Total and state-specific medical and absenteeism costs of COPD among adults aged ≥ 18 years in the United States for 2010 and projections through 2020. Chest, 147(1): 31-45.

Hanna AS, Taylor CS, Sullivan KT. 2005. Impact of extended overtime on construction labor productivity. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 131(6): 734-739.

Hegewisch A, O’Farrell B. 2015. Women in the construction trades: Earnings, workplace discrimination, and the promise of green jobs, http://www.iwpr.org/publications/pubs/women-in-the-construction-trades-earnings-workplace-discrimination.

Helmer M, Altstadt D. 2013. Apprenticeship: Completion and cancellation in the building trades, https://www.ceacisp.org/news/apprenticeship-completion-and-cancellation-building-trades.

International Labour Organization. ILOSTAT - ILO database of labour statistics, http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics-and-databases/lang--en/index.htm.

Jimenez D, Schmidt A, Kim G, Cook B. 2017. Impact of comorbid mental health needs on racial/ethnic disparities in general medical care utilization among older adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 32(8): 909-921.

Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University. The state of the nation’s housing 2016, http://www.jchs.harvard.edu/sites/jchs.harvard.edu/files/jchs_2016_state_of_the_nations_housing_lowres.pdf.

Kaiser Family Foundation. 2017. Women’s health insurance coverage, http://kff.org/womens-health-policy/fact-sheet/womens-health-insurance-coverage-fact-sheet/.

Kerr MJ, Neitzel RL, Hong O, Sataloff RT. 2017. Historical review of efforts to reduce noise-induced hearing loss in the United States. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 60(6): 569-577.

Kincl LD, Anton D, Hess JA, Weeks DL. 2016. Safety voice for ergonomics (SAVE) project: Protocol for a workplace cluster-randomized controlled trial to reduce musculoskeletal disorders in masonry apprentices. BMC Public Health, 16: 362.

Kivimaki M, Jokela M, Nyberg S, Singh-Manoux A, Fransson E, Alfredsson L, et al. 2015. Long working hours and risk of coronary heart disease and stroke: A systematic review and

meta-analysis of published and unpublished data for 603,838 individuals. The Lancet, 386(10005): 1739-1746.

Kochhar R. 2014. Latino jobs growth driven by U.S. born: Immigrants no longer the majority of Hispanic workers, http://www.pewhispanic.org/2014/06/19/latino-jobs-growth-driven-by-u-s-born/.

Krogstad JM. 2016. Key facts about how the U.S. Hispanic population is changing, http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2016/09/08/key-facts-about-how-the-u-s-hispanic-population-is-changing/.

Kumar P, Agrawal S, Kumari P. 2016. Ergonomics methods to improve safety in construction industry. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3(8): 680-683.

LaPonsie M. 2015. 5 reasons employers should hire more workers over age 50,

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Levy H, Buchmueller T, Nikpay S. 2015. The effect of health reform on retirement. Michigan Retirement Research Center, Research Paper No. 2015-329, http://ssrn.com/abstract=2697092.

Leyh C. 2015. Getting a fair shake: Reducing the perils of worker misclassification on federally funded construction projects. Public Contract Law Journal, 44(2): 307-326.

Li L, Singleton P. 2017. The effect of workplace inspections on worker safety. Center for Policy Research, The Maxwell School, www.maxwell.syr.edu/uploadedFiles/cpr/publications/working_papers2/wp201.pdf.

Lipscomb HJ, Schoenfisch AL, Cameron W. 2015. Non-reporting of work injuries and aspects of jobsite safety climate and behavioral-based safety elements among carpenters in Washington State. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 58(4): 411-421.

Marcum J, Adams D. 2017. Work-related musculoskeletal disorder surveillance using the Washington state workers’ compensation system: Recent declines and patterns by industry, 1999-2013. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 60(5): 457-471.

Masterson E, Bushnell PT, Themann C, Morata T. 2016. Hearing impairment among noise-exposed workers—United States, 2003-2012. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(15): 389-394.

Masterson E, Deddens J, Themann C, Bertke S, Calvert G. 2015. Trends in worker hearing loss by industry sector, 1981-2010. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 58(4): 392-401.

Masterson E, Themann C, Luckhaupt S, Li J, Calvert G. 2016. Hearing difficulty and tinnitus among U.S. workers and non-workers in 2007. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 59(4): 290-300.

McClatchy Company. 2014. Contract to cheat, http://media.mcclatchydc.com/static/features/Contract-to-cheat/?brand=nao.

McDonnell T. 2014. North Dakota is the deadliest state to work in. Mother Jones, http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/05/north-dakota-nations-deadliest-state-work-fracking/.

McFall BH, Sonnega A, Willis RJ, Hudomiet P. 2015. Occupations and work characteristics: Effects on retirement expectations and timing. Michigan Retirement Research Center, Working Paper 2015-331, http://www.mrrc.isr.umich.edu/publications/papers/pdf/wp331.pdf.

McMorrow S, Long S, Kenney G, Anderson N. 2015. Uninsurance disparities have narrowed for black and Hispanic adults under the Affordable Care Act. Health Affairs, 34(10): 1774-1778.

Moir S, Thomson M, Kelleher C. 2011. Unfinished business: Building equality for women in the construction trades. Labor Resource Center Publications, http://scholarworks.umb.edu/lrc_pubs/5.

MSDS Online. 2016. OSHA top ten violations of 2016, https://www.msdsonline.com/blog/msds-chemical-management/2016/10/18/osha-top-10-most-cited-violations-of-2016.

National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

National Employment Law Project. 2015. Independent contractor misclassification imposes huge costs on workers and federal and state treasuries, http://www.nelp.org/publication/independent-contractor-misclassification-imposes-huge-costs-on-workers-and-federal-and-state-treasuries/.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).

            -- 2011. Current Intelligence Bulletin 63: Occupational exposure to titanium dioxide. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2011–160, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2011-160/pdfs/2011-160.pdf.

-- 2013. Current Intelligence Bulletin 65: Occupational exposure to carbon nanotubes and nanofibers. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2013-145, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2013-145/pdfs/2013-145.pdf.

            -- 2017. Highway work zone safety, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/highwayworkzones/.

            -- 2017. Musculoskeletal Health Program. Success story: Revised NIOSH lifting equation, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/programs/msd/impact.html.

            -- 2017. Nanotechnology, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/nanotech/default.html.

            -- 2017. Noise and hearing loss prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/noise/default.html.

            -- 2017. Noise and hearing loss prevention: NIOSH sound level meter app, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/noise/app.html.

-- 2012. Occupational health disparities, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/programs/ohd/risks.html.

            -- 2018. Occupational hearing loss (OHL) surveillance, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ohl/status.html.

            -- 2017. Occupational hearing loss (OHL) worker surveillance data, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/data/datasets/sd-1001-2014-0/default.html.

            -- 2015. Overlapping vulnerabilities: The occupational health and safety of young immigrant workers in small construction firms, http://www.asse.org/assets/1/7/NIOSHreport_FinalDraft.pdf.

            -- 2016. Prevention through design, https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ptd/.

            -- 2015. Productive aging and work, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/productiveaging/ncpaw.html.

            -- 2017. Work schedules: Shift work and long work hours, http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/workschedules/.

National Women’s Law Center. 2014. Women in construction still breaking ground, http://www.nwlc.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/final_nwlc_womeninconstruction_report.pdf.

NSTC/CoT/NSET. 2016. The National Nanotechnology Initiative: Supplement to the president’s 2017 budget, https://www.nano.gov/node/1573.

Oberdörster G, Oberdörster E, Oberdörster J. 2005. Nanotoxicology: An emerging discipline evolving from studies of ultrafine particles. Environmental Health Perspectives, 113(7): 823-839.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

            -- Commonly used statistics, http://www.osha.gov/oshstats/commonstats.html.

            -- Final rule to protect workers from beryllium exposure, https://www.osha.gov/berylliumrule/index.html.

            -- Highway work zones and signs, signals, and barricades, https://www.osha.gov/doc/highway_workzones.

            -- Integrated Management Information System database (IMIS), Inspections within industry, https://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/industry.html.

            -- Occupational heat exposure, http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/heatstress/index.html.

            -- 2010. OSHA enforcement: Committed to safe and healthful workplaces, http://www.osha.gov/dep/2010_enforcement_summary.html.

            -- OSHA Training Institute. 2011. Construction focus four: Electrocution hazards, https://www.osha.gov/dte/outreach/construction/focus_four/electrocution/electr_ig.pdf.

            -- OSHA Training Institute. 2011. Construction focus four: Outreach training packet, https://www.osha.gov/dte/outreach/construction/focus_four/constrfocusfour_introduction.pdf.

            -- Outreach training program growth, http://www.osha.gov/dte/outreach/outreach_growth.html.

            -- Protecting temporary workers, https://www.osha.gov/temp_workers/.

            -- 2014. Recommended practices: Protecting temporary workers, https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3735.pdf.

-- 2010. Severe Violator Enforcement Program, https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=DIRECTIVES&p_id=4503.

-- Silica, https://www.osha.gov/dsg/topics/silicacrystalline/.

            -- State plans, http://www.osha.gov/dcsp/osp/index.html.

-- Subpart D - Safety and health regulations for construction: Occupational health and environmental controls, http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=10625.

-- 1995. Subpart M - Fall protection: Duty to have fall protection, https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_id=10757&p_table=STANDARDS.

Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Healthy People 2020, Access to health services, https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/Access-to-Health-Services.

Ondrich J, Falevich A. 2016. The great recession, housing wealth, and the retirement decisions of older workers. Public Finance Review, 44(1): 109-131.

Passel JS, Cohn D. 2016. Size of U.S. unauthorized immigrant workforce stable after the great recession, http://www.pewhispanic.org/2016/11/03/size-of-u-s-unauthorized-immigrant-workforce-stable-after-the-great-recession/.

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. Introduction to multiemployer plans, http://www.pbgc.gov/prac/multiemployer/introduction-to-multiemployer-plans.html.

Pew Research Center. 2015. Modern immigration wave brings 59 million to U.S., driving population growth and change through 2065, http://www.pewhispanic.org/2015/09/28/modern-immigration-wave-brings-59-million-to-u-s-driving-population-growth-and-change-through-2065/.

Princeton University, Office of Population Research. Mexican Migration Project (MMP). Databases, http://mmp.opr.princeton.edu/databases/databases-en.aspx.

Princeton University, Office of Population Research. What is the MMP? http://mmp.opr.princeton.edu/.

Recio A, Linares C, Banegas JR, Diaz J. 2016. Road traffic noise effects on cardiovascular, respiratory, and metabolic health: An integrative model of biological mechanisms. Environmental Research, 146: 359-370.

Rempel D, Barr A. 2015. A universal rig for supporting large hammer drills: Reduced injury risk and improved productivity. Safety Science, 78: 20-24.

Robroek SJW, Järvholm B, van der Beek AJ, Proper KI, Wahlström J, Burdorf A. 2017. Influence of obesity and physical workload on disability benefits among construction workers followed up for 37 years. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 74(9): 621-627.

Royster JD. 2017. Preventing noise-induced hearing loss. North Carolina Medical Journal, 78(2): 113-117.

Ruser JW. 2008. Examining evidence on whether BLS undercounts workplace injuries and illnesses. Monthly Labor Review, 131(8): 20-32.

Schmitt J, Haufe E, Trautmann F, Schulze HJ, Elsner P, Drexler H, et al. 2018. Occupational UV-exposure is a major risk factor for basal cell carcinoma: Results of the population-based case-control study FB-181. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60(1): 36-43.

Schneider S. 2016. Preventing hearing loss in construction in the USA: Challenges and opportunities. Acoustics Australia, 44(1): 83-85.

Scopelliti DM. 2014. Housing: Before, during, and after the Great Recession. Spotlight on Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, http://www.bls.gov/spotlight/2014/housing/pdf/housing.pdf

Shapiro AF. 2014. Self-employment and business cycle persistence: Does the composition of employment matter for economic recoveries? https://www.frbatlanta.org/~/media/Documents/research/seminars/2014/finkelstein-030314.pdf.

Stanimira KT, Arnold J, Nicolson R. 2016. The experience of being an older worker in an organization: A qualitative analysis. Work, Aging and Retirement, 2(4): 396-414.

Szinovacz ME, Davey A, Martin L. 2015. Did the great recession influence retirement plans? Research on Aging, 37(3): 275-305.

Tedone T. 2017. Counting injuries and illnesses in the workplace: An international review. Monthly Labor Review, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, https://doi.org/10.21916/mlr.2017.23

Thompson D. OSHA fall protection training requirements, https://legalbeagle.com/6689196-osha-fall-protection-training-requirements.html?ref=Track2&utm_source=IACB2B.

Tompa E, Kalcevich C, Foley M, McLeod C, Hogg-Johnson S, Cullen K, MacEachen E, Mahood Q, Irvin E. 2016. A systematic literature review of the effectiveness of occupational health and safety regulatory enforcement. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 59(11): 919-933.

Toossi M. 2015. Labor force projections to 2024: The labor force is growing, but slowly. Monthly Labor Review, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, https://www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2015/article/labor-force-projections-to-2024.htm

University of Washington’s School of Public Health. Designing the age friendly workplace, https://agefriendlyworkplace.squarespace.com/.

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).

-- Gross domestic product: Implicit price deflator [GDPDEF], Retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDPDEF.

-- Industry data, GDP-by-industry, http://www.bea.gov/iTable/index_industry_gdpIndy.cfm.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

-- American Time Use Survey (ATUS), https://www.bls.gov/tus/.

-- 2015. BLS Reports. Women in the labor force: A databook,

https://www.bls.gov/opub/reports/womens-databook/archive/women-in-the-labor-force-a-databook-2015.pdf.

-- Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), http://www.bls.gov/data/#injuries.

-- Compensation Research and Program Development Group (CRPDG), https://www.bls.gov/crp/ (Unpublished data, contact: Tom Moehrle).

-- Current Employment Statistics (CES), https://www.bls.gov/ces/.

-- Current Population Survey (CPS), https://www.bls.gov/cps/.

-- Employment Projections (EP), https://www.bls.gov/emp/.

-- Handbook of methods, https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/home.htm.

-- Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities (IIF), http://www.bls.gov/iif/.

-- Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), http://www.bls.gov/jlt/.

-- National Compensation Survey (NCS), https://www.bls.gov/ncs/.

-- 2017. News release. Employer costs for employee compensation – September 2017, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/ecec.pdf.

-- 2018. News release: Union members – 2017, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf.

-- North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), https://www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

-- Occupational Employment Statistics (OES), https://www.bls.gov/oes/.

-- Occupational Injury and Illness Classification Manual, https://www.bls.gov/iif/oshoiics.htm.

-- Occupational outlook handbook, https://www.bls.gov/ooh/.

-- Projections methodology, https://www.bls.gov/emp/ep_projections_methods.htm.

-- Standard Occupational Classification (SOC), https://www.bls.gov/soc/.

-- Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII), http://www.bls.gov/data/#injuries.

U.S. Census Bureau.

-- American Community Survey (ACS), https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

-- County Business Patterns (CBP), https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/cbp.html.

-- Economic Census, https://www.census.gov/EconomicCensus.

-- Geographic terms and concepts – Census divisions and census regions, https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/gtc/gtc_census_divreg.html.

-- New residential construction, http://www.census.gov/construction/nrc/.

-- Nonemployer Statistics (NES), https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/nonemployer-statistics.html.

-- North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), http://www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.

-- Population and housing unit estimates, https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest.html.

-- Survey of Business Owners and Self-Employed Persons (SBO), https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/sbo.html.

-- Value of Construction Put in Place Survey (VIP), www.census.gov/construction/c30/c30index.html.

U.S. Department of Energy. 2015. An assessment of energy technologies and research opportunities.

Chapter 5: Increasing efficiency of building systems and technologies, https://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/2015/09/f26/QTR2015-05-Buildings.pdf.

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. 2016. 20 million people have gained health insurance coverage because of the Affordable Care Act, new estimates show,

https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2016/03/03/20-million-people-have-gained-health-insurance-coverage-because-affordable-care-act-new-estimates.

U.S. Department of Labor.

-- 2016. Apprenticeship programs; Equal employment opportunity (29 CFR parts 29 and 30), https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2016-12-19/pdf/2016-29910.pdf#page=83.

-- ApprenticeshipUSA fact sheet: Access to registered apprenticeship – a proven path to in-demand skills and the middle class, https://www.doleta.gov/oa/eeo/pdf/EEO_Rule_Overview_Fact_Sheet.pdf.

-- ApprenticeshipUSA fact sheet: Women in apprenticeship, https://www.doleta.gov/oa/eeo/pdf/Women_Fact_Sheet.pdf.

-- Civilian labor force by sex, https://www.dol.gov/wb/stats/NEWSTATS/facts/civilian_lf_sex_2016_txt.htm.

-- 2016. Data and statistics, https://www.doleta.gov/oa/data_statistics.cfm.

-- O*NET OnLine, http://www.onetonline.org/.

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