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The Construction Chart Book (6th edition) Detailed Contents

INDUSTRY SUMMARY

1. Industrial Classification

1a. NAICS six-digit classification structure

1b. Comparison of the North American Industry Classification System

2. Payroll Establishments and Employees in Construction

2a. Number and percentage of construction establishments and employees,
by establishment size, 2012 (With payroll)

2b. Number of construction establishments, 1977-2012 (With payroll)

2c. Number of construction employees, 1977-2012 (With payroll)

3. Nonemployer Establishments in Construction

3a. Percentage of construction establishments with and without payroll, 2012

3b. Share of dollar value produced in construction establishments with and without payroll, 2012

3c. Number of establishments in selected construction sectors with and without payroll, 2012

3d. Dollar value of construction work produced, selected construction sectors with and without payroll, 2012

3e. Nonemployer establishments as a percentage of all construction establishments, by state, 2012

4. Value Produced and Expended in Construction

4a. Real value added by construction and as a percentage of GDP in the U.S., 2002-2015 (2009 dollars)

4b. Chain-type price indices for value added by industry, 2003-2015

4c. Payroll and fringe benefits as a percentage of the value of construction work done, 1977-2012

4d. Where construction dollar value goes, 2012 (Payroll establishments)

5. Construction Spending: Private and Public Sector

5a. Value of construction, private versus public sector, 1993-2015 (2015 dollars)

5b. Share of dollar value of private sector construction, by type, 2015

5c. Value of private nonresidential construction, by region, 1993-2015 (2015 dollars)

5d. Share of dollar value of public sector construction, by type, 2015

6. Private Residential and Nonresidential Construction

6a. Value of private construction, residential versus nonresidential, 1993-2015 (2015 dollars)

6b. Value of private residential construction, by type, 1993-2015 (2015 dollars)

6c. Number of housing starts, 1993-2015

6d. Residential construction as a percentage of work done, selected specialty trades, 2012

7. Demographics of Business Owners in Construction and All Industries

7a. Women-owned firms as a percentage of the total, construction versus all industries, 2012

7b. Hispanic-owned firms as a percentage of the total, construction versus all industries, 2012

7c. African American-owned firms as a percentage of the total, construction versus all industries, 2012

7d. Other minority-owned firms as a percentage of the total, construction versus all industries, 2012

7e. Age distribution among business owners, construction versus all industries, 2012

8. Characteristics of Construction Businesses

8a. Years construction businesses were established, Hispanic-owned firms versus all firms, 2012

8b. Sources of capital needed to start a business in construction, 2012

8c. Types of businesses in construction, employer versus nonemployer, 2012

8d. Internet involvement in construction businesses, employer versus nonemployer, 2012

8e. Types of workers in construction businesses, employer versus nonemployer, 2012

8f. Paid day laborers in Hispanic and non-Hispanic-owned construction businesses, employer versus nonemployer, 2012

9. Green Construction in the United States

9a. LEED-certified projects, 2000-2015, selected years

9b. Owners of LEED-registered projects, 2000-2015

9c. LEED-certified square feet, by region, 2000-2015

9d. LEED-certified square feet per capita, by state, 2015

9e. New single-family home builder involvement in green activities, 2013-2020 (projected)

9f. Most trusted sources of information about green building practices and products, 2014

 

LABOR FORCE CHARACTERISTICS

10. Labor Force Structure and Definitions

10a. Type of labor force and class of workers, construction and all industries, 2015

10b. Distribution of class of worker in the construction workforce, 2010 and 2015

11. Occupational Classifications and Employment Distributions in Construction

11a. Percentage of all construction employees that meet the Economic Census definition of “construction worker”, 1967-2012 (With payroll)

11b. Workers by occupational classification and distribution in construction, 2015 (16 years and older)

12. Union Membership and Coverage in Construction and Other Industries

12a. Union membership and coverage in construction and other industries, 2015 and 2016

12b. Union membership and coverage in construction, public versus private sector, 2015 and 2016

12c. Union membership, selected construction occupations, 2015

12d. Subject Matter Experts ratings for each union for each sector

12e. Union market share for the Heavy Civil/Industrial sector, 2005-2012

12f. Percentage of construction workers who are union members, by state, 2013-2015 average

13. Worker Age in Construction and Other Industries

13a. Average age of workers, construction versus all industries, 1985-2015 (All employment)

13b. Average age of workers, by industry, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

13c. Age distribution in construction, selected years, 1985-2015 (All employment)

13d. Age distribution in all industries, projected through 2024 (All employment)

14. Age of Construction Workers by Union Status, Hispanic Ethnicity, Type of Employment, and Occupation

14a. Age distribution in construction, by union status, 2015 (Production workers)

14b. Age distribution in construction, by Hispanic ethnicity, 2010 versus 2015 (All employment)

14c. Age distribution in construction, wage-and-salary versus self-employed workers, 2015 (All employment)

14d. Construction workers aged 55+ years, selected construction occupations, 2015 (All employment)

15. Foreign-born Workers in Construction and Other Industries

15a. Percentage of foreign-born workers, by industry, 2015 (All employment)

15b. Birthplace of foreign-born construction workers, 2015 (All employment)

15c. Percentage of workers who spoke a language other than English at home, by industry, 2015 (All employment)

15d. Year of entry for immigrant construction workers in the U.S., 2015 (All employment)

16. Hispanic Workers in Construction and Other Industries

16a. Hispanic workers as a percentage of the workforce, construction versus all industries, selected years, 1990-2015 (All employment)

16b. Number of Hispanic workers in construction, selected years, 1990-2015 (All employment)

16c. Percentage of Hispanic workers, by industry, 2015 (Production workers)

16d. Percentage of Hispanic construction workers, by state, 2015 (All employment)

17. Hispanic Workers in Construction Occupations

17a. Occupational distribution in construction, by Hispanic ethnicity, 2015 (All employment)

17b. Distribution of Hispanic workers among construction occupations, 2013-2015 average (All employment)

17c. Hispanic workers as a percentage of the workforce, selected construction occupations, 2013-2015 average (All employment)

17d. Union membership among construction workers, by Hispanic ethnicity, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

18. Racial Minorities as a Worker Group in Construction and Other Industries

18a. Members of racial minorities as a percentage of workers, by industry, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

18b. Members of racial minorities as a percentage of workers, by selected construction occupations, 2015 (All employment)

18c. Occupational distribution among racial minority workers in construction, 2015 (All employment)

19. Women Workers in Construction and Other Industries

19a. Number of women workers in construction, selected years, 1985-2015 (All employment)

19b. Women as a percentage of workers, by industry, 2015 (All employment)

19c. Women as a percentage of workers, selected industries, 2015 (Production occupations)

19d. Distribution of women workers in construction, by occupation type, 1985, 2010, and 2015 (All employment)

 

EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME

20. Employment and Unemployment in Construction and Other Industries

20a. Construction employment, payroll employment versus all employment, 1992-2015

20b. Year-over-year change in payroll employment, construction versus all nonfarm industries, 1992-2015

20c. Percent change in payroll employment since 1992, by construction sector, 1992-2015

20d. Percent change in payroll employment since 2001, residential versus nonresidential building construction, 2001-2015

20e. Number of payroll employees in residential specialty trade, 2005-2015

20f. Monthly unemployment rate, construction versus all nonfarm industries, 2005-2015 (Not seasonally adjusted: private wage-and-salary workers)

21. Temporary Workers in Construction and Other Industries

21a.  Temporary workers as a percentage of the workforce, construction versus non-construction, 2003-2014

21b   Temporary workers as a percentage of the workforce, by major industry, 2011-2014 average

21c.  Work arrangements, construction versus all industries, 2015

21d. Demographics of construction workers, temporary versus regular employment, 2011-2014 average

21e. Employment characteristics of construction workers, temporary versus regular employment, 2011-2014 average

22. Self-Employment in Construction and Other Industries

22a. Unincorporated self-employment as a percentage of the workforce, construction versus all nonfarm industries, 1995-2015

22b. Percentage of self-employed workers, selected construction occupations, 2015

22c. Number of individual proprietorships in construction, 2002-2014

22d. Employee misclassification legislation, by state, 2010-2016

23. Employment Costs in Construction and Other Industries

23a. Index of labor costs, construction versus all industries, 2001-2015 (Seasonally adjusted: private industry)

23b. Average hourly wage, construction versus all industries, 2006-2016
(Private industry; 2016 dollars)

23c. Average hourly labor costs, by industry, December 2015 (Private industry)

23d. Average hourly labor costs in construction, by union status, March 2016 (Private industry)

23e. Average hourly labor costs, residential versus nonresidential specialty trades, 2016 (Private industry)

24. Wages in Construction, by Demographic Characteristics, Unionization, and Region

24a. Average hourly wage in construction, by race / ethnicity and union status, 2015 (Production workers)

24b. Average hourly wage in construction, by age group, 2015 (Production workers)

24c. Average hourly wage in construction, by educational attainment, 2015 (Production workers)

24d. Average hourly wage in construction, by gender and union status, 2013-2015 average (Production workers)

24e. Average hourly wage in construction, by region and union status, 2015 (Production workers)

25. Standard Occupational Classification and Wage Estimates in Construction

25a. Average hourly wage, by construction occupation, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

25b. Hourly and annual wages, by construction subsector, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

25c. Hourly wage, by construction subsector and occupation, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

26. Health Insurance Coverage in Construction and Other Industries

26a. Percentage of workers with health insurance, by source and industry, 2015

26b. Number and rate of uninsured construction workers, selected years, 1999-2015

26c. Percentage of construction workers with employment-based health insurance, by demographic characteristics, 2015

26d. Percentage of construction workers with private and employment-based health insurance, by union status, 2015

26e. Percentage of workers with employment-based health insurance, by company size, 2015

26f. Percentage of construction workers with employment-based health insurance, selected occupations, 2015

27. Retirement Plans in Construction and Other Industries

27a. Participation level in employment-based retirement plans, by industry, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

27b. Participation level in employment-based retirement plans in construction, by union status, 2015 (Production workers)

27c. Participation level in employment-based retirement plans, selected construction occupations, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

27d. Distribution of participants in single employer and multiemployer retirement savings plans in construction, 2014

28. Hours Worked, Overtime, and Time Use in Construction and Other Industries

28a. Average hours worked per week, construction versus all nonfarm industries, 1985-2015 (Private production workers)

28b. Percentage of employees working overtime, by industry, 2015 (All employment)

28c. Hours worked per week in construction, self-employed and wage-and-salary workers, 2015 (All employment)

28d. Time use in a 24-hour period, construction versus all industries, 2013-2015 average (All employment)

 

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

29. Educational Attainment and Internet Usage in Construction and Other Industries

29a. Percentage of employees who have at least a high school diploma, by industry, 2015 (All employment)

29b. Distribution of educational attainment among construction workers, by union status, 2015 (Production workers)

29c. Distribution of educational attainment among construction workers, by Hispanic ethnicity, 2015 (All employment)

29d. Percentage of workers with access to the internet, by industry, 2015 (All employment)

29e. Household computer use in construction versus all industries, by type of device, 2015     

30. Apprenticeships and Occupational Training in Construction

30a. Joint labor-management apprenticeship programs, by state, 2016 (Share of all active programs)

30b. New registrations in construction apprenticeship programs, union versus non-union programs, 2006-2016

30c. Number of Hispanic construction workers among new apprenticeship registrations, union versus non-union programs, 2006-2016

30d. Number of new registrations in construction apprenticeship programs, by race and ethnicity, 2016

30e. Number of active apprentices, selected construction occupations, 2016

30f. Number of new registrations in construction apprenticeship programs, by gender and union status, 2016

31. Employment Projections and Current Unfilled Jobs in Construction

31a. Percentage of projected employment change, by industry, 2014-2024

31b. Percentage of projected employment change, selected construction occupations, 2014-2024

31c. Percentage of projected replacement needs, selected construction occupations, 2014-2024

31d. Projected numbers of job growth and replacement needs, selected construction
occupations, 2014-2024

31e. Job openings, separations, and hires in construction, 2006-2016 (Seasonally adjusted)

 

HAZARDS AND EXPOSURES

32. O*NET Database and Occupational Exposures in Construction

32a. Working at heights on the job, selected occupations

32b. Climbing ladders, scaffolds, or poles at work, selected occupations

32c. Keeping/regaining balance at work, selected occupations

32d. Exposure to hazardous conditions at work, selected occupations

32e. Percentage of construction workers exposed to hazards, by exposure level (Production workers)

33. Exposure Risks for Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Other Illnesses in Construction

33a. Bending/twisting and repetitive motions at work, selected occupations

33b. Kneeling, crouching, stooping, or crawling at work, selected occupations

33c. Cramped work space/awkward positions at work, selected occupations

33d. Exposure to whole body vibration at work, selected occupations

33e. Percentage of construction workers using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools, or controls, by exposure level (Production workers)

33f. Percentage of construction workers exposed to very hot or very cold temperatures, by exposure level (Production workers)

34. Exposure to Silica and Other Contaminants in Construction

34a. Percentage of workers exposed to silica, by exposure level, construction versus all industry (Micrograms per meters cubed)

34b. Percentage of construction workers exposed to silica, by exposure level and construction subsector (Micrograms per meters cubed)

34c. Distribution of silica exposures among construction workers, by level and activity (Micrograms per meters cubed)

34d. Exposure to contaminants (such as pollutants, gases, dust, or odors) at work, selected occupations

35. Engineered nanomaterials in the U.S. construction industry

35a. Distribution of products in CPWR’s eLCOSH nano inventory

35b. Number and type of nanomaterials reported in CPWR’s eLCOSH nano inventory

35c. Awareness of nanotechnology among union construction health and safety trainers (2014 to 2017)

35d. Distribution of National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) funding by program component area, 2018

36. Lead Exposure in the Construction Industry

36a. Distribution of workers with BLLs > 10 μg/dL, by industry, 2016 (18 states)

36b. Prevalence rate of workers with BLLs > 10 μg/dL in construction, 2011-2016

36c. Number of workers with BLLs >10 μg/dL, by construction subsector, 2016 (13 states)

36d. Prevalence rate of construction workers with BLLs >10 μg/dL, by state, 2016 (12 states)

 

FATAL AND NONFATAL INJURIES

37. Fatal and Nonfatal Construction Injuries in Selected Industrial Countries

37a. Rate of fatalities in construction, selected countries, 2013

37b. Rate of nonfatal injuries in construction, selected countries, 2013

37c. Factors and criteria of construction fatalities and nonfatal injuries, selected countries, 2013

38. Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries in Construction and Other Industries

38a. Number of fatalities, by major industry, 2015 (All employment)

38b. Number of fatalities in construction, selected years between1992 and 2015 (All employment)

38c. Rate of fatalities, selected industries, selected years between 1992 and 2015 (All employment)

38d. Number of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, selected years between 1992 and 2015

38e. Rate of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work, by major industry, 2015

38f. Rate of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work, selected industries, selected years between 1992 and 2015

39. Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries among Construction Sectors

39a. Number and percentage of fatalities among major construction sectors,* 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

39b. Rate of fatalities, by major construction sector,* 2003-2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

39c. Number and percentage of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work among major construction sectors,* 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

39d. Rate of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work, by major construction sector,* 2003-2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

40. Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries in Construction by Employment, Establishment, and Geographic Trends

40a. Number of fatalities in construction, by class of worker, 1992-2015, selected years (All employment)

40b. Distribution of construction fatalities and employment, by establishment size, 2015 (Wage-and-salary workers)

40c. Rate of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, by establishment size, 1994-2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

40d. Rate of fatalities in construction, by state, 2011-2015 average (All employment)

40e. Rate of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, by state, 2011-2015 average (Private wage-and-salary workers)

41. Demographic Trends of Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries in Construction

41a. Distribution of fatalities in construction, by age group, selected years (All employment)

41b. Distribution of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, by age group, selected years (Private industry)

41c. Rate of fatal and nonfatal injuries in construction, by age group, 2013-2015 average

41d. Median days away from work by age group, construction versus all industries, 2015

41e. Rate of fatalities in construction, by Hispanic ethnicity, four time periods from 1992-2015 (All employment)

41f. Rate of nonfatal injuries in construction, by Hispanic ethnicity, four time periods from 1992-2015

42. Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries within Construction Occupations

42a. Number of fatalities, selected construction occupations, 2011-2015 total (All employment)

42b. Number of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work, selected construction occupations, 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

42c. Rate of fatalities, selected construction occupations, 2011-2015 average (All employment)

42d. Rate of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work, selected construction occupations, 2011-2015 average (Private wage-and-salary workers)

43. Leading Causes of Fatal and Nonfatal Injuries in Construction

43a. Distribution of leading causes of fatalities in construction, 2015 (All employment)

43b. Distribution of leading causes of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

43c. Leading causes of fatalities in construction, 1992-2015 (All employment)

43d. Rate of leading causes of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, 1992-2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

44. Fatal Injuries from Falls to a Lower Level in Construction

44a. Number and rate of fatal falls to a lower level in construction, 2003-2015 (All employment)

44b. Fatal falls to a lower level in construction, by height of fall, 2011-2015 total

44c. Fatal falls to a lower level in construction by primary source, 2011-2015 total

44d. Distribution of fatalities from falls to a lower level in construction, by establishment size, 2011-2015 total (Wage-and-salary workers)

44e. Number and rate of work-related fatalities from falls to a lower level in construction, selected occupations, 2011-2015 total

45. Nonfatal Injuries from Falls in Construction

45a. Number of nonfatal injuries due to falls, slips, and trips involving days away from work in construction, by cause, 2011-2015

45b. Distribution of nonfatal injuries due to falls, slips, and trips on the same level resulting in days away from work in construction, 2015

45c. Nonfatal injuries due to falls to lower level resulting in days away from work in construction, by height of fall, 2015

45d. Number and rate of nonfatal injuries from falls resulting in days away from work, selected construction occupations, 2015

45e. Percentage and rate of nonfatal injuries from falls in construction, by age group, 2015

46. Fatalities from Contact with Electricity in Construction

46a. Number and rate of electrocution deaths in construction, 1992-2015

46b. Electrocution deaths in construction, by major event or exposure, 2011-2015 total

46c. Primary source of electrocution deaths in construction, electrical workers versus non-electrical workers, 2011-2015 total

46d. Electrocution deaths causes by electric parts in construction, by primary source, 2011-2015 total

46e. Number and rate of electrocution deaths in construction, selected construction occupations, 2011-2015 total

47. Fatalities at Road Construction Sites

47a. Number of fatalities in construction, road construction sites and other fatalities, 2003-2015

47b. Fatal injuries at road construction sites, by major industry, 2011-2015 total

47c. Fatal injuries at road construction sites, by event or exposure, 2011-2015 total

47d. Fatal injuries at road construction sites, by primary source, 2011-2015 total

47e. Fatal injuries at road construction sites, selected construction subsectors, 2011-2015 total

47f. Fatal injuries at road construction sites, selected occupations, 2011-2015 total

48. Musculoskeletal Disorders in Construction and Other Industries

48a. Number and rate of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in construction, 1992-2015

48b. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in construction, by body part, 2011-2015

48c. Distribution of risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders resulting in days away from work in construction, 2015

48d. Rate of overexertion injuries resulting in days away from work, selected industries, 2015

48e. Rate of overexertion injuries resulting in days away from work, selected construction subsectors, 2015

48f. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders resulting in days away from work in construction, by nature of injury, 2015

49. Back Injuries in Construction and Other Industries

49a. Distribution of nonfatal injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, by body part, 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

49b. Number and rate of back injuries resulting in days away from work in construction, 1992-2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

49c. Rate of back injuries resulting in days away from work, selected industries, 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

49d. Rate of back injuries resulting in days away from work, by construction subsector, 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

49e. Rate of self-reported back pain among construction workers, by age group, 2015 (All employment)

 

OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES

50. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Construction and Other Industries

50a. Rate of hearing loss in construction, 2004-2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

50b. Percentage of workers with self-reported hearing trouble, by industry, 2015

50c. Percentage of workers with hearing impairment, by major industry and severity, 2003-2012

50d. Rate of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to hearing impairment, by major industry, 2003-2012

50e. Proportion of construction workers with hearing impairment, by age and severity, 2003-2012

50f. Prevalence of noise-induced material hearing impairment, selected occupations in construction, 1996-2015

51. Respiratory Diseases in the Construction Industry 

51a. Prevalence of chest x-ray abnormalities, selected construction occupations, 1996-2016

51b. Prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function tests, selected construction occupations, 1996-2016

51c. Prevalence of beryllium sensitivity, selected construction occupations, 1996-2016

51d. Cause of death among older workers, by longest occupation, respiratory cancer versus non-malignant respiratory disease, 1992-2011

 

OSHA ENFORCEMENT AND INJURY COSTS

52. OSHA Enforcement of Construction Safety and Health Regulations: Inspections

52a. Number and percentage of construction establishments inspected by federal OSHA, 2001-2015

52b. OSHA federal inspections in construction, by inspection scope, 2010 versus 2015

52c. Rate of construction establishments inspected by OSHA federal and state-plans, by state, 2015

52d. OSHA federal and state-plan inspections in construction, selected health hazards, 2003-2015

53. OSHA Enforcement of Construction Safety and Health Regulations: Federal Citations and Penalties

53a. OSHA federal citations and percentage of serious, willful, and repeat violations in construction, 2003-2015

53b. OSHA federal citations by major violation category and construction sector, 2015

53c. Number and percentage of OSHA citations on fall protection in construction, 2003-2015

53d. Number and percentage of OSHA citations on health hazards in construction, 2003-2015

53e. Average penalty per federal citation and total penalties in construction, 2003-2015 (2015 dollars)

53f. Total penalties for OSHA federal citations by major violation category and construction sector, 2015

54. Workers’ Compensation in Construction and Other Industries

54a. Employer spending on workers’ compensation, selected industries, 2015 (Private wage-and-salary workers)

54b. Workers’ compensation claim costs, by construction subsector, 2015 (Ohio and Washington only)

54c. Distribution of workers’ compensation claim costs in construction, by major cause, 2015 (Ohio and Washington only)

54d. Workers’ compensation claim costs in construction, by major cause, 2015 (Ohio and Washington only)

54e. Workers’ compensation claim costs in construction, by age group, 2015 (Ohio and Washington only)

54f. Workers’ compensation insurance upper rates in 45 states, selected construction jobs, 2016

 

HEALTH INDICATORS AND SERVICES

55. Health Risk Factors and Chronic Illnesses among Construction Workers

55a. Percentage of current smokers, construction versus all industries, 2000-2015, selected years

55b. Percentage of current smokers, selected occupations in construction, 2015 (25 states)

55c. Prevalence of obesity, construction versus all industries, 2000-2015

55d. Overweight and obesity among workers, by age group, construction versus all industries, 2015

55e. Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes among workers, by age group, construction versus all industries, 2015

55f. Prevalence of hypertension and heart condition among workers, by age group, construction versus all industries, 2015

56. Impact of Health Insurance on Healthcare and Medical Expenditures among Construction Workers

56a. Percentage of construction workers who had no consistent place to receive care when sick, by insurance status and Hispanic ethnicity, 2015

56b. Percentage of construction workers using hospital emergency rooms when sick, by insurance status and Hispanic ethnicity, 2013-2015 average

56c. Percentage of construction workers whose last contact with a doctor or other health professional was more than one year ago, by insurance status and Hispanic ethnicity, 2015

56d. Percentage of construction workers who did not receive preventive care of any kind within the past 12 months, by insurance status and Hispanic ethnicity, 2015

56e. Average medical expenditures among construction workers, by insurance status and Hispanic ethnicity, 2015

56f. Average medical expenditures among construction workers, by insurance status and age group, 2015

 

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