Disparities Surveillance Research (Completed 2014-2019)
The objective of this project was to explore factors underlying safety and health disparities in construction, focusing on high-risk construction subgroups. Specifically, we 1) studied how occupational and non-occupational factors contribute to safety and health of Hispanic construction workers, in particular Mexican migrants and new immigrants; 2) examined occupational and safety training, health behaviors and personal risk factors and socioeconomic factors that could affect safety and health among young construction workers; 3) investigated mechanisms of the aging process; ability to work; risk factors for injuries, illnesses, disability and early retirement; and ways to sustain the working life of older construction workers; 4) assessed job exits and turnover, job-to-job transitions, job tenure, migration, and demographic and socioeconomic factors that could affect the safety and health of temporary construction workers; and 5) evaluated safety management among small construction companies.
We utilized a number of unique data sets and analytical methods to achieve our project objectives and specific aims. We leveraged our past experience in executing the methodological approaches to accomplish each specific aim. Key determinants and findings from this project will expand our knowledge of safety and health disparities in construction, and serve as an evidence-based guide for preventions and interventions aimed at minimizing such disparities. A number of publications and regression models were generated from this project. All of our research findings are publicly available, primarily through our websites, www.cpwr.com and www.elcosh.org. Our findings will be also disseminated through peer-reviewed journals, webinars, conference presentations, and responses to data requests.