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CPWR Reports

Ergonomics

Ergonomic Back Injury Risk Factors in Construction Glass and Glazing Work

Terry L. Stentz, Changbum R. Ahn, Kelli R. Herstein, and Zahra Jabbarani Torghabeh. 2019.
Construction glass and glazing (CGG) workers have high rates of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). For this study, the researchers conducted interviews with CGG workers and worksite observations to identify problems leading to the higher rates of WRMSDs and to gather information about improvements that are needed to lower the risk for injury. CGG job tasks were classified in five categories, and ergonomic task-based estimates were done using the Posture, Activity, Tools, and Handling (PATH) method. The CGG workers’ level of risk of developing musculoskeletal injuries was scaled using the Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method. The results of this study provided a baseline database for future evaluations of ergonomic interventions to reduce CGG workers’ risk for injury.

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The Role of Employee Tenure in Construction Injuries: The Tennessee Case

Edward L. Taylor, John Moore, Thomas Cressler, John Wagner, and Terry Higgins. April 2019.
The inflated risk of injury for new employees in construction and other industries is well documented; however, less is known about the character and timing of those injuries. To fill this knowledge gap, this study analyzed 9,000 workers’ compensation claims from the state of Tennessee having dates of injury in 2014 and 2015 to compare the characteristics of early tenure (i.e., less than or equal to 1 year with an employer) construction injuries with all construction injuries.  The analyses examined the proportion of these early tenure injuries in various dimensions including age, employer size, the severity, type and cause of injury, and the body part injured.

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Position and Size of Drywall on the Physical Demands for Drywall Installers

Lu Yuan, Sc.D. 2013
This research study validated that workers installing drywall are at a high risk of MSDs, especially to low back and shoulders. Researchers used an integrated biomechanical modeling approach to investigate the effects of position and size of drywall on the physical demands for drywall installers. The results: drywall storage position and size affect the physical demand of the work and may contribute to injury.

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Creating the Climate for Making Ergonomic Changes

Boatman, Laura, Debra Chaplan, Suzanne Teran. May 2012

 

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Reducing Sprains and Strains in Construction through Worker Participation: A Manual for Managers and Workers with Examples from Scaffold Erection

Koningsveld, Ernst A.P., Peter Vink, Isle J.M. Urlings, and Annelise M. de Jong. 1998
Describes six steps for setting up a worker-participation program to identify main ergonomic problems, then propose and try solutions; examples are given for scaffold erection, based on a research project in the Netherlands.

The University of Iowa Construction Survey

Cook, Thomas M., John C. Rosecrance and Chris L. Zimmerman. 1996
Examines work-related musculoskeletal disorders among 13 trades in one year: relative frequency on nine body sites, possible causes, and whether doctor visits or missed work resulted.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Construction Bibliography

Second Edition. 1994
Covers mainly the biomedical, industrial hygiene, and ergonomics literature available from online and CD-ROM bibliographic data bases. The report was prepared in October 1994 by the Department of Preventative Medicine and Environmental Health, College of Medicine, University of Iowa.

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