Hispanic workers employed in small businesses may be less likely to experience a strong safety climate on construction worksites, and it may account for their disproportionate injury rates. In order to design effective safety interventions targeted at small construction businesses, it is essential to be able to capture the realities experienced by this population accurately. The overall goal of this study was to translate into Spanish and pilot-test CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training’s (CPWR) Safety Climate Assessment Tool for Small Contractors (S-CATSC), which was developed as a Roofing r2p Partnership project, among a population of small Hispanic construction contractors and workers. Cognitive interviews were used to identify potential problems with the Spanish version of the S-CATSC in the context of small construction businesses owned by Hispanics and employing Hispanic construction workers. An item by item analysis of the S-CATSC tool allowed the identification of problematic words. Accordingly, the research team replaced them by terms more generalizable to the different Hispanic backgrounds. Feedback from the interviews was used to modify the terminology used in the Spanish version and to understand its applicability to small contractors. The study findings were based on a qualitative analysis of the interviews conducted.
Xuanwen Wang, PhD, Xiuwen Sue Dong, DrPH*, and Sundeep Vikraman, MPH
This Quarterly Data Report illustrates the trends of Hispanic employment and Hispanic-owned businesses in the U.S. construction industry over the past decades, profi les demographics of Hispanic business owners and characteristics of their businesses in this industry, and highlights the differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic workers and businesses in construction.
Philadelphia Area Project on Occupational Safety and Health (PHILAPOSH). October 2014.
Dong, Xiuwen (Sue), Xuanwen Wang, and Christina Daw. 2010.
The final installment of a Data Brief series focusing on Hispanic construction workers, this publication reflects rates of injuries based on demograpics, establishment size and type/ causes of injuries. Statistics compiled and analyzed by the CPWR Data Center from data provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Dong, Xiuwen (Sue), Alissa Fujimoto. 2010
Second in a series of three CPWR Data Briefs focusing on Hispanic construction workers, this publication compares health insurance coverage by demographic, insurance and, in some cases, union status. Statistics compiled and analyzed by the CPWR Data Center from data provided by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Occupational Exposures, Respiratory Symptoms and Blood Lead Levels among Latino Day Workers in Greater New Orleans
Rabito, Felicia A. 2010
Analyzes health problems and use/availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) through interviews with non-U.S. citizens; Latino migrants working on clean-up and rebuilding New Orleans area after Hurricane Katrina. Survey population’s native language is Spanish.
Several key findings: 51% of those working construction reported being somewhat-to-severely affected by respiratory symptoms. Less than half of construction workers used some form of respirator, even for jobs where OSHA requires them. The construction workers also had higher blood lead levels than Latino workers in other occupations. To our knowledge, this is the first longitudinal study of occupational health and safety risks of a non-agriculture migrant day labor population.
Analysis of Work-Related Safety & Health Hazards of Unrepresented Workers in the Iron Working Industry
Bratcher, Brady, Ruth Ruttenberg, Maria Obando. February 2010
This report documents the poor working conditions in which many work. The research focuses on 7 main areas: demographics of the study group, working conditions, safety and health hazards and practices on the job, safety and health awareness and concerns about work, benefits, workers’ rights and training, and increases in awareness and hazard identification.
Ruttenberg, Ruth, and Maria Lazo. 2004
Summarizes in-depth interviews of 47 Spanish-speaking construction workers who received Spanish-language safety training for residential construction from The Center to Protect Workers Rights in 2001; the interviews covered effects of language barriers, construction experience outside of the United States, union and non-union work experiences, outcomes of training, and ways to improve training.