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Work Zone Safety

Struck-by incidents are a leading cause of death among construction workers,[1]  and since 1992 the leading cause of nonfatal injuries in the construction industry.[2] According to OSHA, the four most common struck-by hazards are being struck-by a flying, falling, swinging, or rolling object. The NORA Construction Sector Council is undertaking a number of initiatives to increase awareness of struck-by hazards and ways to prevent them, including developing this online resource and launching a National Stand-Down to Prevent Struck-by Incidents.  

JOIN US! On April 20th for the first National Stand-Down to Prevent Struck-by Incidents during National Work Zone Awareness Week

Following CDC guidelines to prevent the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19), this first National Stand-Down event will be held virtually (online). We invite you to register to join this virtual Stand-Down to ask questions and hear from experts on how to work safely in work zones and prevent struck-by incidents all year long. Click here to register for the webinar and share your questions.

We encourage you to use creative ways to hold Stand-Down events within your own company that will not put you or your employees at risk of exposure to COVID-19. Click here to download ideas for holding Stand-Down activities. Click here for CPWR's guidance document on COVID-19 for the construction industry and related resources. 

Click here to share what you did and receive a certificate of participation. 

The following are materials developed by the NORA Construction Sector Council to use in support of Stand-Down events, along with other resources such as planning and training programs and research from trusted sources that can be used all year long to help reduce the risks and prevent struck-by incidents.

  • Stand-Down promotional flyer (JPEG,PDF)
  • Toolbox Talks:
  • Infographics:
    • OPERATORS! 4 Steps for Work Zone Safety
    • CONTRACTORS! Work Zone Safety Starts with Your Internal Traffic Control Plan


Resources to Prevent Struck-by Incidents and Fatalities in Construction Work Zones

Training Materials

NIOSH Resources:


ARTBA Resources:

Work Zone Safety Consortium: Guidance on Developing Internal Traffic Control Plans

OSHA Resources:

CPWR Other Resources:

Laborers' Health and Safety Fund of North America Resources:

IUOE Focus Four Toolbox Talks:

Washington Safety and Health Training Institute: Keeping Cement Masons Safe: Preventing Falls, Struck and Caught Between Accidents

Construction Safety Council: FOCUS 4 Hazards (summaries of what workers need to know)

Washington State Department of Labor: